|Golding, William (1911-1933)|
Golding was born in Cornwall in 1911 and was educated at Marlborough Grammar
School and at Brasenose College, Oxford. Apart from writing, his past
and present occupations include being a schoolmaster, a lecturer, an actor,
a sailor, and a musician. His father was a schoolmaster and his mother
was a suffragette. He was brought up to be a scientist, but revolted.
After two years at Oxford he read English literature instead, and became
devoted to Anglo-Saxon. He spent live years at Oxford. Published a volume
of poems in 1935. Taught at Bishop Wordsworth's School, Salisbury. Joined
the Royal Navy in 1940 and spent six years afloat, except for seven months
in New York and six months helping Lord Cherwell at the Naval Research
Establishment. He saw action against battleships (at the sinking of the
Bismarck), submarines and aircraft. Finished as Lieutenant in command
of a rocket ship. He was present off the French coast for the D-Day invasion,
and later at the island of Walcheren. After the war he returned to teaching,
and began to write again. Lord of the Flies, his first novel, was published
in 1954. It was filmed by Peter Brook in 1963. His other books are:
In 1980 he won the 'Booker Prize' for his novel Rites of Passage. He retired from teaching in 1962. After that, he lived in Wiltshire, listing his recreations as music, sailing, archaeology and classical Greek.
William Golding died in 1993.
From Nobel Lectures, Literature 1981-1990.