(b. 1582, Parma, d. 1647, Roma)
Italian Baroque painter.
He was born near Parma, where he was a pupil of
Agostino Carracci, and
was also much influenced by the domes by
Correggio. He was in Rome in
1612, and about 1616 decorated the ceiling of the Casino Borghese in a
manner derived entirely from the Farnese Gallery. He developed Correggio's
sotto in sł type of illusionism to an extravagant point, and painted several
domes and apses in Roman and Neapolitan churches in this manner. To him
Domenichino lost part of the commission for the decoration of S. Andrea
della Valle in Rome, a slight he resented so bitterly that - so the story
goes - he weakened part of the scaffolding, hoping that Lanfranco would
break his neck. Lanfranco completed the dome with an Assumption, Correggiesque
in inspiration, between 1625-27, and such was its success that he was
then employed at St Peter's until 1631.