Johannes Pieter Oud was born in Purmerend, Holland in 1890. Educated at
the Arts and Crafts School in Amsterdam and at the Technical University
in Delft, he worked for Theodor Fischer in Munich before settling in Leiden.
members of De Stijl , Oud eventually left the group due to philosophical
disagreements. In 1918 he became Municipal Housing Architect for Rotterdam.
In 1933 he established his own practice.
As a young
socialist, Oud stimulated an international and regional trend toward functionalism.
He wrote magazine articles, acted as a correspondent for Soviet architectural
journals, and contributed a book on Dutch architecture to the Bauhausbucher
known works are for housing schemes in expanding areas. During and after
World War II he became involved in larger commercial projects, but these
never achieved the clarity of his early housing.
a pioneer of Dutch Functionalist architecture, Oud died in Wassenaar,
Holland in 1963.