|Russell, Earl (Bertrand Arthur William) (1872-1970)|
Russell (1872-1970) was born in Trelleck, Wales. His parents died when
he was three years old. He was educated privately and went to Trinity
College, Cambridge, where he was a brilliant student of mathematics and
philosophy. In 1900, Russell became acquainted with the work of the Italian
mathematician Peano, which inspired him to write The Principles of Mathematics
(1903), expanded in collaboration with Alfred North Whitehead into three
volumes of Principia Mathematica (1910-13). The research, which Russell
did during this period together with Whitehead and which is preserved
in many books and essays, establishes him as one of the founding fathers
of modern analytical philosophy. Throughout his life Russell has also
been an extremely outspoken and aggressive moralist in the rationalist
tradition of Locke and Hume. His many essays, often in the form of short
reflections or observations on moral or psychological topics, are written
in a terse, vivid, and provocative style. His greatest literary achievement
has been his History of Western Philosophy (1946).
From Nobel Lectures, Literature 1901-1967.
Bertrand Russel died in 1970.