Sambo is an acronym for Samooborona
Bez Orushia, which is Russian for "Self Defense without
weapons". It is a system of hand to hand combat against
both unarmed and armed opponents. The self-defense part of Sambo
is based on body movements and locks with a few punches and kicks.
There are two commonly seen styles of Sambo, sport Sambo (also
called Sambo Borba or Sambo Wrestling) and Combat Sambo. Sambo
is comprised of techniques from varieties of Russian national
wrestling, Tartar wrestling (kurjaga), Tuvin kuresh, Yakut hopsagaj,
Chuvash akatuj, Georgian chidaoba and other USSR national systems
as well as wrestling techniques from Greco-Roman
wrestling, Catch-as-Catch-Can Wrestling, jujitsu,
Sambists compete in heavy duty
grappling jackets called Kurtkas. A match is over when one competitor
has thrown the other to his back and remained standing, or has
applied a submission hold against the arm or leg and made his
opponent give up from the pain by tapping the mat or the other Sambist.
Sambo was created in the 1930's
as a method of hand to hand combat for the Soviet military after
the Russo-Japanese War. A sport form of it was created, and has
now become an International Sport.
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