Karymsky, Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia
The 1994-1995 Kamchatka Calendar
- August 12, 1999
- On 5 August, seismicity under the Karymsky
Volcano has increased. More than 15 gas explosions with possible pyroclastic
flows have occurred.
- June 30, 1999
- For more than three years, the Karymsky
Volcano has continued to produce low level strombolian eruptions. About
25-30 earthquakes and gas explosions occur each day.
- April 21, 1998
- Strombolian activity continues at Karymsky.
About 200 gas and ash explosions occur daily. A steam plume was seen
extending about ~60 miles (100 km) from the volcano on April 17. A hot
spot was detected at the summit of the volcano on April 18. This may
indicate a small renewal of lava flowing from the summit crater.
- January 26, 1998
- Karymsky erupted ash 9,800-11,500 ft
(3000-3500 m) high on January 26. This ash cloud stretched to the east,
but no distances or speeds of the cloud have been reported. Activity
has been slightly higher than normal at the volcano over the past few
- January 1, 1996
- Karymsky volcano on the Kamchatka Peninsula
started the New Year with a bang! Early in the morning of January 1,
1996, a phreatomagmatic eruption began at the north end of Karymsky
Lake about 3 miles (5 km) south of Karymsky volcano. During the initial
stage of the eruption the ash plume reached 23,000 feet (7,000 meters)
above sea level. A satellite image showed that the plume extended at
least 120 miles (200 km) southeast and south of the volcano.
January 5, 1996
- Two volcanologists from the Institute
of Volcanic Geology and Geochemistry in Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky visited
Karymsky on January 3. They reported that activity had shifted to Karymsky
volcano where a new crater had formed on the side of the cone adjacent
to the old summit crater. The new crater was twice the size of the old
crater. In the past two days, a thick black ash plume has been observed
erupting explosively from the new crater. The plume has reached up to
altitudes of 18,000 feet (5,500 m) above sea level. As of January 5,
the presence of earthquakes indicates that activity continues with explosions
every 1-3 minutes.
- Karymsky is one of the more active volcanoes
in Kamchatka. It has erupted over 20 times in the past 200 years. Periods
of seismic unrest have occurred several times in the past 12 months
and the volcano emits a continuous steam plume. The volcano is capable
of explosive eruptions which can send ash to over 33,000 feet (10 km)
above sea level and continue sporadically for days or weeks. Short lava
flows are also a possibility. The volcano is located in a remote part
of the Kamchatka Peninsula about 70 miles (110 km) northwest of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky
and no towns or villages are threatened. The chief hazard at this time
would appear to be encounters between airborne volcanic ash and aircraft.
- January 12, 1996
- On Friday, January 12, 1996, the Alaska
Volcano Observatory reported that eruptive activity continues at Karymsky.
They based their observation on earthquake patterns for the volcano.
Bad weather in Kamchatka hindered both field observations at the volcano
and the interpretation of satellite images.
October 14, 1996
- The Kamchatkan Volcanic Eruptions Response
Team reported that ash explosions were occurring every 10 minutes at
Karymsky. Individual plumes reached heights of about 10,000-15,000 feet
(3000-5000 m) above the volcano. The ash plumes extended more than 125
miles (200 km) to the northeast and east. Some explosions threw volcanic
bombs 1,500 feet (500 m) above the crater. Earthquake activity remains
above background level.