Jules Verne (1828-1905) in his book
"Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea" writes "By
degrees the fog disappeared under the action of the sun's rays, the
radiant orb rose from behind the eastern horizon. The sea flamed under
its glance like a train of gunpowder. The clouds scattered in the
heights were colored with lively tints of beautiful shades, and numerous
"mare's tails," which betokened wind for that day."
A Shakespeare poem "Venus and
Adonis", 1593, is described as "a long narrative poem that
tells of Adonis' rejection of the goddess of love". In it an
observation of the red sky is related to the coming weather.
Once more the ruby-coloured portal open,
Which to his speech did honey passage yield;
Like a red morn, that ever yet betokened
Wrack to the seaman, tempest to the field,
Sorrow to shepherds, woe unto the birds,
Gusts and foul flaws to herdmen and to herds.
The Bible in Matthew
chapter 16 verses 2-3 records red sky in both the morning and evening
and relates it to the expected weather. Thus this weather pattern was
known to folks over 2000 years ago.
He answered and said unto them.
When it is evening ye say, it will be fair weather for the sky is red.
And in the morning, it will be foul weather today for the sky is red and
lowering. 0 ye hypocrites, ye can discern the face of the sky; but can
ye not discern the signs of the times? The contributor.
Aristotle (384-322 B.C.) wrote 150
philosophical treatises including one on Meteorology. Based on
first-hand observations his thoughts on earth sciences encompassed rain,
cloud, mist, dew, snow, hail, wind, thunder, lightning, hurricanes,
haloes and rainbows.
The above items prove that weather
observations are world wide. It was thought that they had originated in
England and migrated to the rest of the world. We now see that they were
valid in the eastern Mediterranean over 2,000 years ago.
To assist in remembering each pattern
the rhymes developed, which then made it easier to pass the information
on to the next generation. They appear to have been developed by
different groups of people :-
the sailor / fisherman
the farmer / shepherd
the general community